Types of corns on the feet: understand what they are and how to treat them


Did you know that several types of calluses can form on the feet? Although they look alike, they present differences regarding the area they affect and the factors that lead to their development.

However, they all have something in common: the discomfort they cause and the aesthetic damage to the skin. They are a reason to take good care of the health of your feet so that other problems and symptoms do not manifest themselves.

In this article you will learn about these different calluses, their causes, and how they can be treated. Read on and see how to keep your feet always healthy and looking good!

Different types of corns on your feet 

All types of corns on the feet are characterized by thickening of the skin that thickens and stiffens. It is a natural reaction by the body to protect the deeper layers of the skin from pressure or friction.

In some cases, these lesions only cause aesthetic damage, because the callus is visibly coarse, dry and yellowish. However, in many cases there is pain and discomfort in the affected areas.

Various areas can develop this problem. Therefore, there are different types of corns on the feet. In the following we will tell you a little more about them and their development.


Hard callus develops on the toes, on their upper or lower part, the region where there is more pressure during stepping. In the first case it affects, mainly, people with claw or hammer toes. The skin becomes very hard and dry due to the use of shoes with high heels and a thin beak.


MILIARY calluses affect the sole of the feet in a specific region or in the whole foot. They are very small and form in isolated places or in clusters. They have a type of nucleus and their appearance is thick. They are caused by friction and lack of hydration.


The region of the joints of the feet can also suffer from corns. In this case, the dorsal is manifested. It is similar to cushions and develops to protect the joint from friction caused by wearing inappropriate footwear.


Among the different types of calluses on the feet we find those that are formed specifically on the metatarsal region, the portion close to the toes. They also develop due to friction caused by inadequate footwear, those with hard soles or too high heels.

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The interdigital callus (soft callus) has a different appearance. Its appearance is elastic and whitish. It is formed between the toes due to humidity, as a result of not drying the region well, or wearing shoes that do not allow the foot to breathe, in addition to the pressure of one toe against the other.


This is a type of callus that causes a lot of discomfort because it is painful. It forms on the soles of the feet and in its structure we can notice blood vessels and nerve endings, which increase sensitivity. There are cases in which this type of heat can bleed.

How to treat calluses on the feet 

The good news is that all these different types of calluses on the feet can be treated. The ideal is to adopt preventive measures by wearing comfortable shoes, keeping your feet hygienic, and keeping the skin dry and moisturized. In any case, if calluses appear, you can adopt the following measures.

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Specialized care 

A podiatrist is the most indicated professional to identify and properly treat the different types of calluses on your feet.

Periodic exfoliation 

Every 15 days it is interesting to exfoliate the skin with a sandpaper or specific cream to eliminate dead cells.

Moisturizing the skin 

It can be done on the spot with moisturizing creams, lotions and oils, but it is also interesting to drink plenty of water.

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Appropriate footwear 

Prefer shoes that do not squeeze your feet, with material that lets the skin breathe, soft and with a good finish to not cause friction, such as a good and comfortable sapatenis.

There is no denying that all types of calluses on the feet generate discomfort for those who develop them. Therefore, try to prevent this by taking good care of the skin and choosing the right shoes. Prefer specialized care to solve the problem and get good results, ensuring your health and well-being.

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